Groundwork is the basic for your horse in which you work together whereby communication, increase mutual respect and trust, prepare the "young" horse for further training. It is also a nice change in riding and lunging.
To start with groundwork you need a few tools, this depends on how you want to perform groundwork. According to the Natural Horsemanship methods you use a rope halter, lead rope and a stick with string. According to the principles of Academic Art of Riding, classical dressage or Straightness you use a cavesson, a short (6m) or shortened lunge (8 m) line and stick (whip).
To improve the horse condition lunging is perfect training. The horse becomes smoother in body and limbs, builds up muscle and develops more balance in all gaits. The horse learns to bend on both sides and to place and use the hindquarters and legs correctly.
You can use various aids during lunging such as:
- Lunging whip, carriage whip or pointer
- Cavesson with a lunge line
- Bitless bridle with lunging strap
- Bridle with a bit (possibly with bit lunging strap)
- Halter (meadow, stable, knot or rope)
- Longe girth
- Double long lines